Since Russia invaded Ukraine, the fighting has slowed and now troops from both sides are going back and forth fighting for villages in the south and east. Western weapons have helped Ukraine keep Russia at bay so far, but have not repelled the invading force across the border.
Ukrainian leaders are asking for more firepower and warning that if they don’t get it, the conflict will continue.
Peace talks held in Turkey in March failed to make progress and officials from both sides left empty-handed.
In a message posted on Telegram today, Ukrainian President Zelensky reiterated his desire to continue fighting until all occupied Ukrainian lands are retaken.
He writes: “117th day of war. During this period, more than five million Ukrainians have been forced to leave their homes and move abroad.
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He added: “I don’t want to call these Ukrainians refugees on principle. I believe they will go home. As soon as Russia leaves our land.
“As soon as peace is established. We will do everything possible for this.
The latest round of visits by Western leaders to the Ukrainian capital last week saw fresh pledges of support.
Leaders of France, Germany, Italy and Romania gave their support to Ukraine for EU candidate status, saying Ukraine belongs to the family of Europe .
Ukraine’s armed forces claim to have killed more than 30,000 Russian soldiers while Russia has a much larger army.
British intelligence estimates that around half that number of Russian troops died, but there are numerous reports of low morale among the invading forces.
NATO Secretary General Jens Stoltenberg has warned that the conflict may not end as quickly as many would like.
Speaking to a German newspaper Imagehe said: “We have to be prepared for the fact that it could take years. We must not relax our support for Ukraine.”
If the war continues for several years, there will probably be thousands more dead and injured.
But many on the Ukrainian side see no other choice but to give everything they have to reclaim their lost territory.
Meanwhile, those on the Russian side continue to make threats against Ukraine and other European countries, and deny their role in the conflict.
Russian Foreign Minister Sergey Lavrov told the BBC last week that there was no war in Ukraine and denied that Russia had invaded it, saying it had instead declared an operation special military.